Until now , not many people are watching on a pretty serious problem in education . It is associated with the publication of the book ” Symbolic Violence in Schools ” by Nana Martono , which has opened our eyes , that there is still violence committed in schools , either by unscrupulous elements from within and outside the school . If you hear the word violence , the brain will instantly record that it was physically violent , as it is often the case in Indonesia at this time .
From ancient times , violence has always been a major way to apply discipline in children . In boarding schools , school , and even at home , as if it was lawful violence . Most of it can indeed be a deterrent effect on the child . However , in most of the other violence even becomes a mental burden , psychological disorders , fear , and even trauma . Especially if it is applied to children who are still in the early stages of learning .
In reality violence is still common , especially in education . In Indonesia , for example , Islamic elementary students Sudirman , Cijantung , East Jakarta , experienced physical violence from her teacher . Dilakban his mouth until the wounds , because it is often crowded in the classroom ( 28 November 2006 ) . Jakarta 282 junior high school students also get the violence of English teacher , slapped for not working on a given task ( Ramadan , 2008) .
Seeing the above sequence of events , it can be interpreted that the concept of violence committed no disciplinary issues to the fore again . But more on personal psychological pressure , which was the action of the student have offended dignity of the teacher . Supposedly the teacher can be more mature in this regard . Physical violence as it will only have a negative impact .
This is in contrast to symbolic violence Martono Nana revealed , in his book comes from an idea of educational sociology , Pierre Bourdieu . In the book the authors conclude , that symbolic violence is violence that is only a symbol , not a real , walking slowly , but very striking implications for psychology students or pupils . Like the class divisions that distinguish between class and class favorites are not favorites . More favorite class is filled with students from the upper classes ( the rich ) , and the favorite is not filled with students from the lower classes ( the poor ) .
Distinguish between upper class and lower class , meaning slowly been oppressing the poor . Of economic limitations , making stagnant school students . As a result , the brain is supposed to be geared and designed for the future instead stagnated , even regressive mindset . Children are supposed to excel defeated by the son of the ” connoisseurs ” .
Coupled with the emergence of BSE ( Electronic School Book ) , and restricted to the elementary students . Symbolic violence here in the book more accessible Indonesian . Indonesian subjects at the elementary school level , is a subject that is still in the stage of letter recognition , word and sentence formation compiled from existing objects in the surrounding environment of the child .
However , Indonesian BSE that support the learning process , even includes the language of the upper class ( rich ) , which is mostly unknown and terdapatkan in the children of the lower classes ( the poor ) . Like the mention of the name of father , mother , grandparent . The mention of jobs such as doctors , pilots , flight attendants .
The mention of vacation spots , beaches , Taman Mini , highlight , or even depictions of house plans that describe the shape of a car garage , refrigerator , washing machine . Elementary school students who have never known such words before , his imagination will be forced to spin , imagine anything that he had never seen .
Childhood is also planting the formation of moral character , and his memory response is strongly influenced by the surrounding environment . Very wide imagination relates to what he knows . The presence of BSE would remain positive and negative impacts on the child . If he was not introduced to something that was never known before , then it would still not know , or will know but in the long process .
However , if the child continues to be forced to accept what has become the rule , then maybe he even considers that what is in the surrounding environment is bad , is not included in the quality of education being taught in school .
First , the family that plays an important role in the formation of character and knowledge of the child first . Second , teachers should be able to direct students to the imagination imagination acceptable and in accordance with their capacity . How important is it rising BSE will not have any effect on the students , if there is no direction from the teacher . Only a handful of elementary school students who want to read their own school books received , this is where the role of the teacher is needed .
Not only a teacher who is smart and can control his students, but more will be required of teachers who really have a love of the soul devotion . Being able to generalize over the rights and obligations of the participant students